Front-End technologies write the script of success for almost any software infrastructure. Due to the COVID pandemic, the Work from Home culture has got rapid growth, the importance of digitization and online operation is significantly rising.


Software solutions are gaining momentum and hence, the technologies that ensure the success of all the software solutions are the Front end Technologies. Obviously, back-end technologies are as important as front-end but, users will hardly use your software product if it lacks visual appeal. Hence, Visual appeal is a core output on the Front-end.


U.S bureau of labor statistics suggests that the growth of employment is going to be around 13% in this decade (2020-2030), for web developers and web designers.


So, here in this article, we will show you the top front-end programming languages list for the successful Front end development of your project. But, before we hop on to the front-end programming languages list let’s understand Front-end development.


What is Front End Development?

Front-end development is a part of software development that is visible to the users, i.e. the part where the user interacts with an application. So, a front-end developer is responsible for developing user interfaces (UIs) for user interaction.


Therefore, front-end development basically involves a process to transform the complicated backend code into something simple for better user navigation i.e. visual representation (UI).


The Mobile-first approach and responsive web design (RWD) are ideal methods to embed design components to the Front-end in different sizes. Further, this approach becomes important if you decide to build a web application or a website, to be accessible on both mobile & browser.


So, a Front-end developer basically targets Front-end technologies such as HTML, CSS JavaScript to lay out a strong foundation towards Front-end development. Apart from these, the Front-end programming languages stack includes various libraries and dialects. Front-end technologies also include visual elements such as a landing page, button, form, menu, etc. 

Key benefits of Front end Technologies in Front-end development

  • Easy Code optimization and debugging
  • Reusable components
  • Prototyping
  • High-productivity and user-driven output
  • Easy development for developers
  • Real-time programming
  • Speedy development
  • Easy learning curve
  • Responsive design
  • Fast reacting apps and features

Now that you have the knowledge of Front end development, let’s explore different front-end technologies.


15 Best Front End technologies to Use in 2022

Frankly speaking, there are 100+ Front-end technologies to choose from for your next software project. But, only a few of them stand out in handling the workload of Front-end development.


So here is a list of the top 15 front end programming languages set to rule in 2022:

1. JavaScript

JavaScript is one of the most popular programming languages of the World Wide Web, along with HTML and CSS. Further, it is also known for transforming the web due to its dynamic capabilities.


Dynamic means that the content is open to changes, whereas static content is not susceptible to any change. Here are some dynamic capabilities of JavaScript:

  • Clicking
  • Scrolling
  • Pop-ups
  • Ads
  • Asynchronous calls and etc.

JavaScript is at the base of many Front-end frameworks which offer a responsive webpage at the client-side.


Nowadays, there are millions of libraries used by developers around the world. Also, there is a separate JavaScript engine that can speed up the computations, and offer a quick page loading time. It is a text-based language that is useful on both client and server-side, to develop interactive web pages and end the need for static pages. JavaScript is known for web pages but, there are many non-browser frameworks that utilize it, for example, Node.js, Apache CouchDB, and so on.

Features Of JavaScript:

  • Lightweight and interpreted
  • Prototyping
  • Object-oriented programming (OOP)
  • Imperative and Declarative
  • Can develop inbuilt functions
  • Client edge technology
  • Case sensitive formatting

Top companies using JavaScript:

  • Netflix
  • Uber
  • Microsoft
  • PayPal
  • Walmart
  • Facebook (Meta)

2. HTML5 Boilerplate:

Basically, HyperText Markup Language (HTML), along with JavaScript and CSS, is a foundational Front-end web technology. In HTML main focus is to emphasize formatting documents for display on a webpage.


HTML5 Boilerplate is one of the most popular front-end templates because, it helps you build fast, robust, and adaptable web apps or sites. In addition, the HTML5 Boilerplate assists in creating a website with attractive features and good components of HTML 5. Also, it has direct access to Google Analytics snippets and placeholder touch on the device. Additionally, it also helps include native elements such as video and audio. The apache settings also help a  developer deliver a high site performance.


The latest version of the boilerplate is 8.0.0.

HTML5 Bolierplate features:

  • Media queries, helpers, and print styles
  • Base styles, Normalize.css (Alternative to CSS resets)
  • Modernize feature detection library, with a custom build configuration
  • Efficient site performance
  • Independent maintenance of server configuration
  • All-in-one package of complete features

Top companies using HTML 5 boilerplate:

  • NASA
  • Microsoft
  • ITV
  • Barack Obama
  • Australia Post

3. Angular 

Angular is a TypeScript based web app framework that is an integral part of the MEAN stack technology. It uses MVVM design which separates the business logic layer from the graphical user interface layer. Angular is a flexible framework so, the developers are able to create progressive web apps or technologies like Ionic, Cordova, etc. Further, Angular also helps developers to build UI views rapidly.  


Angular also provides easy and quick data binding that needs no developer intervention. The two-way binding feature lets developers manipulate the DOM quickly and easily. Quick prototyping is the feature that enhances the server’s performance.

Features Of Angular :

  • Two-way data binding
  • Directives and architecture
  • Not browser oriented
  • Dependency injection
  • Responsiveness and Deep linking
  • Multi-page and progressive web applications
  • Testable apps and websites

Top companies using Angular:

  • Google
  • Forbes
  • Xbox
  • Blender
  • Upwork etc.

Also Read:  What are the features of AngularJS ?

4. React 

React is a front-end JavaScript library useful for building a user interface and its components. It uses the classic MVC architecture, in which there is a separate layer of presentation and data availability. In React, Virtual DOM handles the access and manipulation of documents. Additionally, this DOM functions better with HTML and XML documents and makes them perform like a tree structure, and every HTML element works as an object.


React uses JSX style of coding, with a combo of different HTML quotes and tag syntax for creating the components. It also divides the large components into smaller ones for easy management. Thus, the overall productivity of developers increases with this feature.  

Features Of React:

  • Code Reusability
  • Native and use of platform-specific languages
  • Community friendly
  • Virtual DOM
  • Easy writing with JSX
  • Accessible for mobile development

Top companies using React:

  • Instagram
  • Facebook
  • Salesforce
  • Pinterest
  • Uber eats

5. Flutter 

Flutter is an open-source UI framework that helps build flexible and native-like, cross-platform apps with the help of a singular codebase. As a matter of fact, it is one of the fastest developing front-end frameworks.


Flutter lets developers enjoy the speed of Dart programming language and graphical engine for creating cross-platform applications, as a result, the Flutter Dart combo makes it easy for developers to build apps in no time. Further, flutter helps create expressive UIs, full customization, and native-like performance with its stateful hot reload features.

Features Of Flutter:

  • Flexible, modern, and graphically enhanced
  • The singular code base for different platforms
  • Simple coding
  • Easy testing
  • Stateful Hot Reload feature for rapid development
  • Customizable readily usable widgets, effective UI
  • Native performance on pretty much all types of devices

Top companies using Flutter:

  • Google pay
  • BMW
  • Dream 11
  • Alibaba
  • Toyota

Also Read: Top 10 Healthcare Application Ideas

6. Vue.js

Vue.js is a progressive, MVVM JavaScript framework that makes the best use of incremental adoption. Being one of the best JavaScript libraries, Vue.js is also creating interactive UI elements that are easy to adapt and lightweight in nature. Vue also provides data-reactive elements with a flexible and simplistic API. All in all, it’s easy to complete smaller projects with Vue.js.


Vue.js is compact in nature and hence easy to install and download. Using Vue.js small and large level templates can be developed, also errors are easily found which saves time and effort. Further, Vue facilitates the binding of current applications and provides detailed documentation.

Features Of Vue.js:

  • Fast Virtual DOM implementation
  • Two-way binding
  • Fast-production and updates
  • Declarative rendering
  • Template dependent syntax
  • Easy to learn and use
  • Light-weight

Top companies using Vue.js:

  • Facebook 
  • Netflix
  • Grammarly
  • Adobe 
  • Xiaomi 
  • Nintendo etc.

7. Bootstrap 

Bootstrap is a free, CSS framework with design templates for typography, forms, buttons, navigation, and similar interface modules. A developer can think of bootstrap as a toolkit for creating the front-end elements of responsive sites easily and quickly without a doubt.


The pre-built components in bootstrap have a variety of themes and icons that help in creative development. Further, its design refers to mobile devices and web development.


The main objective of Bootstrap is to add the size, color, font, and layout of your choice to the project. In addition, it also makes sure that, the development process remains seamless and also, building a small prototype.


Bootstrap is easy because, developers only need to have the basic knowledge of HTML, CSS, and JS.

Features Of Bootstrap:

  • Easy to grasp
  • Flexible
  • Consistent
  • Light-weight
  • Responsive utility structures and classes
  • Dropdown menu component
  • Bootstrap templates
  • Provides LESS and CSS files
  • Less cross-browser errors

Top companies using bootstrap:

  • Spotify
  • Robinhood
  • Linkedin
  • Twitter
  • Udemy

8. Ionic:

Ionic is a popular Front-end technology that is suitable for hybrid app development. Ionic has a single JavaScript codebase, so the developers are able to develop performant native apps or web apps.


Front technologies such as React, Vue, and plugins like Cordova and Capacitor play a major role in Ionic’s expertness. They host important features such as GPS, camera, flashlights, and many others.


Further, ionic also offers attractive cross-platform web, mobile, and desktop apps under a shared code base with open web protocols. In fact, app development can even be packaged with Cordova or Capacitor bringing user interface creation closer to native tooling.

Features Of Ionic:

  • Open-source
  • Cross-platform
  • Free of cost
  • Simple UI
  • Cordova plug-in
  • Ionic CLI with useful commands
  • Web standards-driven SDK
  • Fast production-ready app

Top companies using Ionic:

  • Accenture
  • double slash
  • JustWatch
  • Diesel

9. Npm:

Npm stands for Node Package Manager. Npm is a default package manager. In addition, Node.js is a JavaScript runtime environment that also allows developers to use JavaScript for backend development.


Further, Npm is also known to be one of the largest software registries in the world, also developers are able to share their code and reuse the code of other developers. Given these points, it’s fair to say that Npm is a powerful front-end technology.


Npm is also a command-line tool that comes in handy for installation, updating, and uninstalling of Node.js packages in the applications. Npm is also helpful as an online repository for different open-source Node.js packages.


So, as the package manager of the Node.js platform, Npm puts different modules in their respective place for nodes in order to find and manage dependency issues, with ease. Additionally, Npm is highly configurable and also supports a wide range of conditions. In short, Npm is ideal for discovering, installing, publishing, and developing Node programs.

Features Of Npm:

  • Online repositories for Node.js modules & packages
  • Version management
  • Command-line utility
  • Managing Dependencies conflicts in packages
  • Sharable code
  • Discover and develop Node applications
  • Keep track of software installations

Top companies using Npm:

  • Twitter
  • Netflix
  • Yahoo
  • Paypal
  • NASA

10. Meteor:

Meteor is a full-stack JavaScript framework that is developed using a collection of libraries and packages so, that’s the reason it is considered an ideal front-end development tool. Further, developing a prototype of an application becomes much easier and developers can build effective applications at a fast pace. Meteor also offers solid integration with both MongoDB and Minimongo.


Meteor is a good choice for new developers given that they have some knowledge about JavaScript. As a matter of fact, Meteor is one of the simplest technologies for front-end developers. As an open-source framework, it is an ideal tool for creating a full-stack JavaScript application for the web, mobile, and desktop. With meteor, a developer can integrate technologies while using them right from the box, and also use the same code for different devices and operating systems.

Features Of Meteor:

  • Open Source
  • Full Stack solution
  • Database integration
  • Live browser reloading
  • Easy integration with latest frameworks
  • Custom package manager
  • Huge community support

Top companies using Meteor:

  • IKEA
  • Dispatch
  • Honeywell
  • Mixmax
  • Dispatch

11. Elm:

Elm is a domain-specific delightful programming language apt for trustworthy web apps. Elm helps in designing web-browser based GUI that is entirely functional and created with a specific focus on performance, utilization, and robustness. Further, Elm makes use of type inference for corner cases detection and offers valuable suggestions. Here, the code decoupling helps developers rewrite the code and make the changes easily.


Since the variables in Elm are immutable they enhance the website performance. There is a highly reactive design that is providing programmers with a seamless and integrated experience. Because everything is available in a single location, Elm is popular as an effective programming language as well as an effective ecosystem.

Features Of Elm:

  • Easy communication with JavaScript
  • Access to libraries for proper coordination
  • Immutable variables
  • Modular approach
  • Interoperability with HTML, JavaScript, and CSS
  • Functional, reactive & event-driven

Top companies using Elm:

  • Brilliant
  • Mind Gym
  • EXR
  • Coya stack etc.

12. Typescript:

Typescript is one of the most popular front-end technologies. It is powered by Microsoft. It is also a superset of JavaScript and keeps appending optional static typing components. Being an open-source language, Typescript shares its semantics with JavaScript.


Further, developers using TypeScript face lesser errors, find it easy to maintain and refactor code without delay. It works well on both client and server-side static typing. In general, Typescript is useful for huge projects whereas JavaScript is good for smaller projects. TypeScript Checker or bable compiler provides many options for trans compilation.

Features Of Typescript:

  • Supports JavaScript libraries
  • Portable across various devices and browsers
  • Private field checking
  • Error checking
  • OOP support
  • Predictability and Readability
  • Static typing (optional)
  • Rich IDE support

13. Grunt:

Grunt is also known as JavaScript task runner on the top of Node.js. It is a tool that is useful in executing tasks such as compilation, minification, unit testing, etc. But, there are certain tasks that take a long time due to the scripts and plug-ins. This technology solidifies the developer workflows and also improves the overall performance of projects. Further, there is a command-line interface that is used for executing custom tasks.


Grunt is distributed via Npm. Since the entire ecosystem is expanding day by day, there are multiple plug-ins that you can choose from, and Grunt will help you automate any one of them with minimal effort.

Features Of Grunt:

  • Automation of repetitive tasks with minimal effort
  • Flexible
  • A simple approach with JavaScript’s tasks and JSON configs
  • Lessens JS, CSS files, compilation of SASS etc.
  • Fast development system and efficient project performance
  • Reduces chances of errors while repeating tasks
  • Easy to work on a new codebase

Top companies using Grunt:

  • Adobe
  • Twitter
  • Bitovi
  • LiveChat etc.

14. Backbone.js:

Backbone.js is also a JavaScript library that provides a proper structure for a web application by offering models with customized events and major key-value binding. Further, there are collections of enriched APIs with functions, declarative event handling, and views. It also connects well to the current API through a RESTful JSON user interface. Backbone.js is lightweight because, it depends on one JS library, Underscore.js, and JQuery.


Backbone.js is ideal for creating a single-page web application. Also, the components are in sync while using the library. Developers use settled perspectives with the help of the backbone layout manager because it reduces the complications for areas with lots of code. In addition, Backbone offers a simple way for overcoming the issues encountered. There is a specific and well-organized method of writing the code.

Features Of Backbone.js:

  • REST API compatibility provides smooth sync
  • Single-page applications are easily created
  • Allows project creation even with dissimilar users
  • MVC pattern
  • Dependency on both jQuery and Underscore.js
  • Provides various structure squares
  • Connects easily with RESTful JSON interface

Top companies using backbone.js:

  • Uber
  • Walmart
  • Pinterest
  • Coursera
  • Mastercard 
  • LinkedIn etc. 

15. Sencha Ext JS:

Sencha Ext JS is a sophisticated JavaScript framework that is useful in the creation of cross-platform and data-driven web and mobile apps for multiple devices. Sencha also consists of hundreds of pre-integrated features that can help create an effective UI component.


Further, using Sencha, developers can handle millions of records and offer inbuilt functionality with powerful analytics. Data is exported with a standard grid to different formats. Also, there is a flexible layout system that can provide thorough sizing and alignment. In addition, Sencha has visually appealing charts that are available in static and dynamic ways including different charts such as bar charts, pie charts, and line charts.

Features Of Sencha Ext JS:

  • Multiple user extensions
  • HTML5 lists, calendar, menus, etc.
  • Flexible layout manager for proper data organization
  • ADA standards for design
  • Customizable User Interface widgets
  • Compatible code for newer versions
  • Develops apps on touch-enabled devices

Top companies using Sencha:

  • IWB
  • Agency
  • PlayCanvas
  • Bedger Ltd.
  • Cortex and many more…

On An Ending Note

This article covered the best front-end development technologies. But, choosing a proper front-end development technology depends on project requirements, knowledge, skill, complexity, and many other parameters.


If you are willing to get a free quote for your project contact us!


What are the main types of programming language?

There are 3 main types of programming language:

  • Machine language
  • Assembly language
  • High-level language
Published On: March 2nd, 2022 / Categories: Web Development / Tags: /

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